With caffeine, as with any drug or supplement, there is the potential for abuse and misuse. A recent cover story in . News & World Report cited the increased use and abuse of caffeinated drinks such as Red Bull, especially among adolescents (Shute 2007). The growing appeal of high-octane energy drinks has had some officials concerned enough to act. The FDA recently sent a warning letter to Redux Beverages LLC of Las Vegas—the manufacturer of Cocaine Energy Drink—for marketing the beverage “as an alternative to an illicit street drug.” The company’s own website used the terms “cocaine—instant rush.” [ Editor’s note: In early May, the product was pulled from shelves nationwide; the company reintroduced the drink under a new name in mid-June.] Elsewhere, a high school in Colorado Springs, Colorado, recently banned a drink called Spike Shooter after two students were taken to the hospital complaining of nausea, vomiting and heart palpitations after drinking an 8-ounce can, which contains 300 mg of caffeine (Shute 2007).
In sports, the phrase performance-enhancing drugs is popularly used in reference to anabolic steroids or their precursors (hence the colloquial term "steroids"); anti-doping organizations apply the term broadly.  There are agencies such as WADA and USADA that try to prevent athletes from using these drugs by performing drug tests. WADA was founded on November 10, 1999 by Dick Pound . The World Anti-doping Agency focuses on establishing and enforcing rules and codes of all sports around the world. Their goal is to make all sports played fairly between all athletes in a doping free organization with the power to prevent athletes from using any form of performance-enhancing drugs. USADA started October 1, 2000 as non-profit and was composed of nine members. Five of which were former Olympic athletes with the other four elected from independent companies. This is the United States Anti-doping Agency and have the ability to test athletes across the nation. Steroids and performance-enhancing drugs are used across all sports organizations around the world.